# Rubik’s Cube Units and Lessons

## Critical Thinking, Math, STEM/STEAM

Engaging lessons written by teachers and classrooms tested. We regularly review and expand our collection of lessons and activities. Submit your classroom tested Rubik's Cube lesson below.

Submit a lesson planI like the lessons. As a constructivist, I believe the hands-on activities are the best way to teach concepts. High School Teacher Florida

## STEM Rubik’s Unit Student Notebook

9 lessons: the history of games & puzzles; how animals learn; architecture & design; engineering & construction; physics of the cube; memory & learning; and technology & communication.

**Grades:** K-5

**Subjects:** Art, Biology, Geometry, History, Math, Science, STEM, Technology

**Concepts:** Engineering and Design, Friction, Genetics, Geometry of Solids, Neuroscience

## Rubik’s Unit : The Geometry, The Art, The Solution: Student Book

Cross-curricular unit study with 11 lessons focusing on the geometry of the Rubik’s Cube, writing algorithms, creating mosaic art, and more! Target audience: gr 4 - 8.

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8

**Subjects:** Art, Geometry, History, Math, Operations and Algebraic Thinking, Solve, STEM, Technology

**Concepts:** Algebraic Notation, Engineering and Design, Geometry of Shapes/Figures, Geometry of Solids, Inverse Operations, Patterns, Rubik's History, Spatial Visualization, Transformations, symmetry

## STEM Rubik’s Unit Teacher Guide

Resources and notes for teaching the STEM Rubik’s Unit’s 9 lessons. Topics include the history of games & puzzles; memory & learning; architecture & design; engineering & construction; physics; and technology & communication.

**Grades:** K-5

**Subjects:** Art, Biology, Geometry, History, Math, STEM, Technology

**Concepts:** Engineering and Design, Friction, Genetics, Geometry of Solids, Neuroscience

## Rubik’s Unit: The Geometry, The Art, The Solution: Teacher Guide

Cross-curricular unit study with 11 lessons focusing on the geometry of the Rubik’s Cube, writing algorithms, creating mosaic art, and more! Target audience: gr 4 - 8

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8

**Subjects:** Art, Critical Thinking, Geometry, History, Math, Operations and Algebraic Thinking, Science, Solve, STEM, Technology

**Concepts:** Algebraic Notation, Engineering and Design, Geometry of Shapes/Figures, Geometry of Solids, Inverse Operations, Patterns, Rubik's History, Spatial Visualization, Transformations, symmetry

## Solving the Rubik’s Cube

Students will learn how to solve the Rubik’s Cube. A lesson from Rubik’s Unit Study: The Geometry, The Art, The Solution.

**Grades:** 6-8, 9-12

**Subjects:** Critical Thinking, Solve

**Concepts:** Engineering and Design, Patterns, Spatial Visualization

## Fractions Models Lesson

Students will name the numerator and denominator of a given fraction and identify fractional parts using a Rubik’s Cube.

**Grades:** K-5

**Subjects:** Math, Operations and Algebraic Thinking

**Concepts:**

## Making Rubik’s Art

Students will design their own picture, replicate it using 9 Rubik’s Cubes, and use photo editing apps to create larger Rubik’s mosaics. A lesson from Rubik’s Unit Study: The Geometry, The Art, The Solution.

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8, 9-12

**Subjects:** Art, Math, Mosaics, Solve, STEM, Technology

**Concepts:** Engineering and Design, Mosaics, Patterns, Spatial Visualization

## The Man, The Cube, Its Impact

Students will learn about the history of the Rubik’s Cube through research and presentations. A lesson from Rubik’s Unit Study: The Geometry, The Art, The Solution.

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8, 9-12

**Subjects:** History

**Concepts:** Rubik's History

## Cracking the Code - Part 1 Alphabet Blocks

Students will create as many letters of the alphabet as possible, each on a single cube face, and articulate how the reader will know which letters have been formed.

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8

**Subjects:** Critical Thinking, Math, Technology

**Concepts:** Patterns, Spatial Visualization

## Writing Algorithms - Intro to Speed Solving

Students will learn about the cycle of algorithms through the solving of a Rubik’s Cube. A lesson from Rubik’s Unit Study: The Geometry, The Art, The Solution.

**Grades:** 6-8, 9-12

**Subjects:** Math, Operations and Algebraic Thinking, Solve

**Concepts:** Algebraic Notation, Inverse Operations

## DNA Codons - Cube Critters

Students will use the Rubik’s Cube to create DNA codes for imaginary creatures.

**Grades:** 9-12

**Subjects:** Biology, Science

**Concepts:** Genetics

## Measurement Lesson - Area, Surface Area, Volume

Students will study measurement, rounding to the nearest centimeter, and find the area, surface area, and volume of a Rubik’s Cube.

**Grades:** 6-8, 9-12

**Subjects:** Geometry, Math

**Concepts:** Geometry of Solids

## Mathematics of the Rubik’s Cube - Factorals and Exponents

Students will explore the possible number ways the pieces of a Rubik’s Cube can be arranged, and still fit the criteria for a Rubik’s Cube. Video link to the math behind this lesson.

**Grades:** 6-8, 9-12

**Subjects:** Math, Probability

**Concepts:** Factorals and Exponents

## Deconstructing Prisms

After analyzing patterns in a Rubik’s Cube, students will write expressions that determine the number of unit cubes with any given number of exposed faces.

**Grades:** 6-8, 9-12

**Subjects:** Geometry, Math, Operations and Algebraic Thinking

**Concepts:** Algebraic Notation, Geometry of Solids, Patterns

## Making a 2x2 Rubik’s Cube

Students will learn how a 3x3 Rubik’s Cube can be modified to make a 2x2 Rubik’s Cube and create a solution guide for solving a 2x2 Rubik’s Cube. A lesson from Rubik’s Unit Study: The Geometry, The Art, The Solution.

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8, 9-12

**Subjects:** Critical Thinking, Solve, STEM

**Concepts:** Engineering and Design, Spatial Visualization

## Classifying Polygons

Students will learn vocabulary related to polygons and use that vocabulary to classify polygons. A lesson from Rubik’s Unit Study: The Geometry, The Art, The Solution.

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8

**Subjects:** Geometry, Math

**Concepts:** Geometry of Shapes/Figures, Neuroscience

## Platonic Solids

Students will learn more about platonic solids and use nets to create the platonic solids. A lesson from Rubik’s Unit Study: The Geometry, The Art, The Solution.

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8

**Subjects:** Geometry, Math

**Concepts:** Geometry of Solids

## Mosaic Lesson 3: Pixels and Resolution

Students will apply the skill of solving the upper face of a Rubik’s® Cube to a given pattern to convert their drawings to Rubik’s® Cube mosaics.

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8, 9-12

**Subjects:** Art, Mosaics, Ratio and Proportion, Technology

**Concepts:** Mosaics, Pixels and Resolution

## Geometry of Solids

Students will become familiar with the structure of a Rubik’s Cube and the associated solid geometry terminology in order to better understand the solution guide.

**Grades:** 6-8

**Subjects:** Geometry, Math

**Concepts:** Geometry of Solids

## Testing Net Variations

Students will use a Rubik’s Cube to test if a potential formation of 6 squares is a hexomino nets. A lesson from Rubik’s Unit Study: The Geometry, The Art, The Solution.

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8

**Subjects:** Geometry, Math

**Concepts:** Geometry of Solids, Transformations, symmetry

## Mix and Map and Match

Students will map 3-D shapes onto 2-D nets, and to read and rebuild nets to match to 3D shapes. A lesson from Rubik’s Unit Study: The Geometry, The Art, The Solution.

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8

**Subjects:** Geometry, Math

**Concepts:** Geometry of Solids, Transformations, symmetry

## Making “How To” Videos

Students will soldify their skill of solving a Rubik’s Cube by creating and editing a how-to video. A lesson from Rubik’s Unit Study: The Geometry, The Art, The Solution.

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8, 9-12

**Subjects:** Critical Thinking, Solve, Technology

**Concepts:** Engineering and Design

## Cracking the Code - Part 2 Create a Code

Students will crack a “Rubik’s® code” and will be challenged to create their own visual codes using the six colors on a single face of a Rubik’s® Cube.

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8

**Subjects:** Critical Thinking, Technology

**Concepts:** Patterns, Spatial Visualization

## Working within Constraints

Students will use spatial reasoning skills to solve the faces of a Rubik’s Cube so that no 2 adjacent cublets are the same color.

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8, 9-12

**Subjects:** Critical Thinking, Math

**Concepts:** Patterns, Spatial Visualization

## Art and Geometry Lessons

Students will create a scale model of a Rubik’s Cube, draw its net, and create a “designer” cube.

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8

**Subjects:** Art, Geometry, Math

**Concepts:** Geometry of Solids

## Geometry - Scale Drawing Lesson

Students will create scale drawings of Rubik’s Cubes.

**Grades:** 6-8

**Subjects:** Geometry, Math, Ratio and Proportion

**Concepts:** Scale Models

## Geometry - Polyhedron Nets Lesson

Students will create all the possible nets for a Rubik’s® Cube.

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8

**Subjects:** Geometry, Math

**Concepts:** Geometry of Solids

## STEM Lesson - Elementary - Build a Cube

Students will learn the names of the different pieces of the Rubik’s Cube and how it is built by creating their own cube.

**Grades:** K-5

**Subjects:** Geometry, Math, STEM

**Concepts:** Geometry of Solids

## STEM Lesson - Middle School - Build a Cube

Students will learn the pieces of the Rubik’s Cube, the PBL (Problem-Based Learning) approach to solving problems, and act as engineers to design a Rubik’s Cube model.

**Grades:** 6-8

**Subjects:** Geometry, Math, STEM

**Concepts:** Geometry of Solids

## Using the Mosaics Intermediate Guide

Written by a high school teacher, this lesson gives tips on using the Intermediate Mosaic Guide.

**Grades:** 6-8, 9-12

**Subjects:** Art, Critical Thinking, Mosaics

**Concepts:** Mosaics, Patterns, Pixels and Resolution, Spatial Visualization

## Introduction to Geometry 2 - Volume

Students will learn the characteristics of rectangular prisms and how to find their volume.

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8

**Subjects:** Geometry, Math

**Concepts:** Geometry of Solids

## Introduction to Geometry 3 - Perimeter and Area of Composite Figures

Students will determine the area and perimeter of composite figures.

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8

**Subjects:** Geometry, Math

**Concepts:** Geometry of Solids

## Introduction to Geometry 4 - Surface Area and Nets

Students will find the surface area of rectangular prisms using their nets. They will simplify formulas for surface area.

**Grades:**

**Subjects:** Geometry, Math

**Concepts:** Friction

## Classifying 3 Dimensional Shapes

Students will learn vocabulary related to space figures, name 3-dimensional objects, identify parts of 3-d objects, and algebraic expressions. A lesson from Rubik’s Unit Study: The Geometry, The Art, The Solution.

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8

**Subjects:** Geometry, Math

**Concepts:** Geometry of Solids

## CODE Sample Alphabet

This is a possible answer key to Cracking the Code, Part 1, Alphabet Letters.

**Grades:**

**Subjects:** Math, Technology

**Concepts:** Patterns

## Create Rubik’s Cube Mosaics Using GIMP

Upload your own picture to GIMP then create the Mosaic and templates for use in the classroom.

**Grades:** 6-8, 9-12

**Subjects:** Art, Mosaics, Technology

**Concepts:** Pixels and Resolution, Spatial Visualization

## Create Mosaics Using Adobe Photoshop

Using Adobe Photoshop these step by step instructions walk you through the process to create your own templates.

**Grades:** 6-8, 9-12

**Subjects:** Art, Mosaics, Technology

**Concepts:** Pixels and Resolution, Spatial Visualization

## PBL Build a Container

Students will design packaging for a glass Rubik’s® Cube with the least materials.

**Grades:** 6-8

**Subjects:** Art, Math, STEM

**Concepts:** Engineering and Design, Geometry of Solids

## PBL Presentation

Students will create a webpage or PowerPoint to explain how to solve the Rubik’s Cube, perhaps to a younger audience . They may include tips to overcome their stumbling blocks.

**Grades:** 6-8

**Subjects:** Technology

**Concepts:** Engineering and Design

## Mosaic Lesson 1: Making a Multi Colored Cross

All digital images are composed of millions of squares or pixels. Creating mosaics using Rubik’s® Cubes is a great lesson in resolution and area.

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8

**Subjects:** Mosaics

**Concepts:** Mosaics, Pixels and Resolution, Spatial Visualization

## Learn-to-Solve Lesson 1

In this lesson, students will learn the parts of the cube and how they move. They will learn the notation for each of the moves of the cube and practice following sequences of turns.

**Grades:**

**Subjects:** Solve

**Concepts:**

## Learn-to-Solve Lesson 5

Having solved 2/3 of the cube, students will learn how to solve the YELLOW cross in this lesson. Click here to download the digital presentation.

**Grades:**

**Subjects:** Solve

**Concepts:**

## Learn-to-Solve Lesson 6

Having solved the YELLOW cross, in this lesson students will learn how to complete the YELLOW face. Click here to download the digital presentation.

**Grades:**

**Subjects:** Solve

**Concepts:**

## Learn-to-Solve Lesson 7

In this lesson, students will reposition the YELLOW corners so that they are in the correct locations. Click here to download the digital presentation.

**Grades:**

**Subjects:** Solve

**Concepts:**

## Learn-to-Solve Lesson 8

In this final lesson, students will reposition the YELLOW edges to complete the solution of the cube. Click here to download the digital presentation.

**Grades:**

**Subjects:** Solve

**Concepts:**

## 3x3 Solution Guide (English)

Unlock the secret of the Rubik’s Cube and learn to solve it by following our simple guide.

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8, 9-12

**Subjects:** Critical Thinking, Solve

**Concepts:**

## 3x3 Solution Guide (Spanish)

Descubra el secreto!

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8, 9-12

**Subjects:** Critical Thinking, Solve

**Concepts:** Spatial Visualization

## 2x2 Solution Guide (Spanish)

**Grades:** K-5, 6-8, 9-12

**Subjects:** Critical Thinking, Solve

**Concepts:** Spatial Visualization